Panchabhautik Chikitsa

by Dr. Aniruddha Kulkarni

Ayurveda, as its name indicates, is our guide for a healthy living from our childhood to our old age. It's a science of not only how to cure diseases but also how to improve our health. Today, Ayurveda has established itself as a main alternative medical science.

Panchabhautik Chikitsa :
The classical Ayurvedic therapy is based on Tridosha Siddhanta (Tri = three, dosha = cardinal humour, siddhanta = theory). Each of these three humours, as with all other things found in the nature, are formed from the five universal elements known as panchamahabhutas (Panch = five, maha = main, bhuta = entity). These five elements are:

  • Prithvi - Matter
  • Aap - Water
  • Tej - Fire
  • Vayu - Air
  • Akash - Space
The equilibrium of these five elements in the body denotes health while their imbalance or disturbance denotes disease. Panchabhautik chikitsa is a branch of Ayurveda which bases the analysis and treatment based upon this principle.

The word Panchabhautik chikitsa encompasses a variety of aspects regarding health, diet, exercise, profession, environment, drugs, and preparation of the medicines, diagnosis and treatment, based on Panchamahabhuta theory. The core concept involves interpretation of the scientific knowledge and disease management approach on the background of Panchamahabhuta theory.

Despite the rich history and plentiful references in Samhitas, the concept of Panchamahabhutas is poorly understood, occasionally considered and rarely practiced. This e-book intends to illustrate how Panchabhautik chikitsa is conceptualized and practiced.

This kind of treatment was seen to have miraculous effects, even in defects considered mechanical - like spondylosis/ spondilytis.

The Process:
The process of analysis and treatment typically has the following four steps:

  • - To find out the exact cause of the disease. Many a times the chain of reaction in attainment of a particular disease (Vyaadhi samprapti) is explained by the Panchabhautik theory.
  • - To analyse the present and future effects of this causative factor on the other prominent systems of the body.
  • - To treat the imbalance (and not only the disease in question) in order to balance the elements. The body experiences weakness during this equilibriating process.
  • - To regain in the strength of the body and stabilize it.
As opposed to the famous Nadi Priksha (pulse diagnosis), Datar shastri developed a special technique of Naad Pariksha (sound examination). He also has done a great research regarding vyaadhi samprapti and had attained demonstrable results with his patients.

Medicine in Panchabhautik Chikitsa :
Since the human body and the nature are both created from the Panchamahabhutas, Ayurveda considers all substances found in the nature as medicine; provided that it is used for specific indications and with appropriate formulations. Therefore, it utilities a wide range of materia medica mostly natural products viz. herbs, minerals, animal products and marine originates. They are used for indications in different conditions of health and disease in order to restore the state of balance.

PANCHABHAUTIK CHIKITSA Volume -1, is a compilation, edition and translation of the work of Vaidya Datarshastri, which is originally written in Marathi. It is a moment of great satisfaction to publish this ebook in Birth Centenery Celebration year of Vaidya Datarshastri. This ebook will enlighten students, teachers and practitioners of ayurveda about clinical application of Panchamahabhuta theory.

The exhaustive management of the following diseases like HEART DISEASES, URINARY ABNORMALITIES, VATA DISORDERS, SKIN DISEASES,ARTHRITIS etc. is included in this ebook - PANCHABHAUTIK CHIKITSA Volume -1.