Organ Pranic Peak
The pranic peak of each organ is a means of protection and support for each organ/channel during that particular time. This organ peak by necessity therefore falls on odd hours, for example 1:00 pm for the Small Intestine, for primary Pitta (noon), 5:00 am for the Large Intestine, for primary Vata and 7:00 am for the Stomach, for primary Kapha, all of which are part of the G.I.T. or Mahasrotas (mahāsrotas महास्रोतस् Great Channel).
“Night-time Pitta Cycle-This is the time when the liver, which is the body’s major pitta organ, is actively detoxifying and preparing the body for the next day”. (6)
For secondary Pitta, or night time Pitta in the evening/early morning the pranic peak is 11:00 pm for the Gall Bladder, and 1:00 am for the Liver.
Of course, the Liver is a Pitta organ and its co-contributor or partner called the Gallbladder both must work together in this manner during this night-time Pitta segment. After all, the Gallbladder is called Pittakosha (pittakośa पित्तकोश ) meaning the receptacle/vessel of Pitta.
Both Pittas assist each other during the 24 hour cycle. Prana from one is gladly shared with the other when it is required at its appropriate time of the day/night. Likewise, both Vatas and both Kaphas mutually support one another.
The brain too is involved in this process of detoxification during midnight or secondary Pitta period, with the glial cells doing the detoxing of brain functions. Experts tell us that the mind and the brain are more active during sleep than when awake. Scientific studies like the one by the University of Rochester Medical Center (URMC) and published in Science journal, demonstrate that the brain has a unique method of cleansing wastes and impurities during sleep, this system has been termed the glymphatic system (7). The term glymphatic or glia-lymphatic relates to the glia (from the Greek word meaning ‘glue’) which are cells in the brain called glial cells which perform similar activities in the brain, as the lymphatic system does in the body. This process of detoxification during night Pitta time is extremely important for good health, both mental and physical.
The organ pranic peak also allows the organ to function more effectively during this peak time and in relation to the environment at that particular time. As each dosha consists of two of the Five Elements, so too each dosha consists of two organs which directly relate to the particular Dosha. In Marmapuncture, treatment of a deficiency of Pranic energy in an organ is best carried out before the peak of Prana in that particular organ, whereas treatment of an excess of energy is carried out directly after the peak of Pranic energy in the organ/channel. As an example, where there is a deficiency of Fire or jathara agni in the Small Intestine, then the appropriate time for Ayurvedic acupuncture treatment would best be done prior to 1:00 pm, just after noon. This is done by treating the Fire sira or acupoint in the Small Intestine dhamani or channel (sira S.I.5) which will have the effect of stimulating agni in the Small Intestine. Of course, this timing is not always possible in clinic, so the same point can also be used at other times by a stimulating needle technique. Another way of stimulating jathara agni is by needling Indrabasti marma (sira UB57).
So accordingly, each dosha must therefore peak at an even hour and hence also commence and conclude at even hours.
For Vata it is therefore 4:00 am and 4: 00 pm for its peak, commencing at 2:00 am and 2:00 pm and concluding at 6:00 am and 6:00 pm respectively.
Pitta therefore peaks at 12:00 noon and 12:00 midnight, starting two hours before at 10:00 am and 10:00 pm and concluding at 2:00 am and 2:00 pm respectively.
Kapha peaks at 8:00 am and 8:00 pm, commencing at 6:00 am and 6:00 pm and concluding at 10:00 am and 10:00 pm respectively.
(1) Charaka Samhita, Nidanasthana. Drs. Sharma, R. and B. Dash. Chaukambhia Orientalia, India
(2) Charaka Samhita, Nidanasthana. Drs. Sharma, R. and B. Dash. Chaukambhia Orientalia, India. p.20
(3) Charaka Samhita, Nidanasthana. Drs. Sharma, R. and B. Dash. Chaukambhia Orientalia, India. p.22
(4) Charaka Samhita, Nidanasthana. Drs. Sharma, R. and B. Dash. Chaukambhia Orientalia, India. p.24
(6) Dr. John Douillard. DC, CAP
(7) Science. Oct 2013: 342(6156); 373-377
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