We all are made up of the same elements that the universe is made up of: air, space, fire, water and earth. When these elements combine, they create three governing principles (Dosha) — vata, pitta and kapha — which must be balanced in order for us to remain healthy.
However, each one of us is born with a unique, individual balance of these doshas which is our prakruti. Once you know your dominant doshas, it's beneficial that you eat specific foods and avoid some that will help you attain a desirable state of health and keep diseases away.
Following are the guidelines, that can be used to maintain dosha balance and to restore balance if required.
Herbs and spices: Cinnamon, cardamom, cumin, ginger, cloves, and garlic are all okay for vatas...
Vegetables (cooked): Asparagus, beets, carrots, cucumber...
Vegetables in moderation (cooked): Broccoli, brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower...
Grains in moderation: Wheat, barley, corn...
Dairy: All dairy is acceptable.
Meat: Chicken, seafood, turkey (in small quantity).
Best oils: Sesame oil, ghee and olive oil are especially good.
Sweetners: All sweeteners are acceptable.
Nuts and seeds: All are acceptable in small amounts, with almonds being the best.
Herbs and spices: Spices should generally be avoided as they are too hot. The following are okay for pittas in small amounts...
Vegetables: Sweet and bitter vegetables, like asparagus, broccoli...
Vegetables in moderation: Eggplant, onion, tomatoes, hot peppers, chilies and beets.
Fruits: Bananas, avocados, cherries, coconuts, figs, mangoes, melons, oranges, pears, pineapples, plums, prunes and raisins.
Grains in moderation: Brown rice, corn, millet and rye.
Beans in moderation: Black gram, black lentils and arhar dal.
Best oils: Olive, soy, sunflower and grapeseed oil.
Oils in moderation: Almond, corn, safflower, sesame and coconut oil.
Sweeteners: All are acceptable except honey and molasses.
Nuts and seeds: Coconut, pumpkin seeds, sunflower seeds and flaxseeds.
Herbs and spices: All are good, especially cumin, fenugreek, sesame, and ginger, which is especially good for improving digestion...
Fruits in moderation: Dates, fresh figs, bananas, coconuts and mangoes.
Grains: Barley, buckwheat, corn, millet, oats, rye and basmati rice.
Grains in moderation: Rice and wheat. Avoid hot cereals and steamed grains, in general, as they are too moist and heavy for kaphas.
Meats: Chicken, turkey (all in small amounts) and lean fish.
Meats in moderation: Shrimp and red meat.
Beans: All legumes are acceptable.
Beans in moderation: Kidney beans and tofu.
Best oils: Almond, sunflower, olive oil and grapeseed oil (all in small quantities).
Sweetners: All in very small quantities.
Nuts and seeds: Sunflower seeds, pumpkin seeds and flax seeds.
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